Green Textiles and Apparel  recommends  a Report by "Textiles Intelligence" about

"Green Textiles and Apparel: Environmental Impact and Strategies for Improvement"  (Publication Date: Feb. 2008, 22 Pages).

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Description    Table of Content

    - Environmental issues arise at all stages of the textile and apparel supply chain.

  • The expansion of textile production and consumption has contributed to increasing pollution, water shortages, fossil fuel and raw material depletion, and climate change.
  • Production of polyester fibre, the most widely used man-made fibre, consumes non-renewable resources and high energy levels, and generates atmospheric emissions.
  • Modern automated textile plants consume large amounts of energy.

    Textile finishing consumes large amounts of water and energy and often produces harmful effluent.

  • Apparel production is more environmentally friendly, but sourcing from low cost countries consumes more fuel for transportation.
  • Among consumers, the trend towards fast fashion and cheaper clothing has led to a throw-away mentality.

  • - Environmental issues are being addressed, however.

  • Although recycling activity remains at a low level—for economic and quality reasons—Marks & Spencer and others are promoting recycling schemes.

    Some retailers are also voluntarily attaching “eco-labels” to garments to provide environmental information.

    Although these have met with varying levels of success in the marketplace, they can encourage “best practice” in manufacturing.

  • Some labelling schemes, such as the EU Ecolabel Scheme and its associated flower logo, adopt a full life cycle or “cradle to grave” approach while others, such as Öko-Tex, focus on a single aspect of an item such as its environmental attributes, social attributes, or individual phases of its life cycle.
  • Other initiatives include REACH (Registration, Evaluation and Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals) legislation which aims to encourage safe and eco-friendly chemical production.
  • In the USA the Toxic Substances Control Act (TCSA) enables the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to track industrial chemicals produced in or imported into the country.
  • Some man-made fibres, such as Lenzing’s lyocell fibre Tencel, have a minimal impact on the environment.
  • Also, organic cotton production is growing rapidly but still accounts for only a small fraction of global cotton output.
  • Nonetheless, organic cotton is being adopted by high profile companies such as C&A, Coop, Nike, Wal-Mart, and Woolworths.

  • And a growing number of brand and manufacturing companies are pursuing environmentally friendly strategies.

    Such companies include American Apparel, Gap, Interface, Patagonia, and Wal-Mart in the USA as well as Rohner Textil in Switzerland, and a small knitwear company in India, MaHan, which was founded by an exteacher from the Netherlands.

Publication Date

  • February 2008


  • Textiles Intelligence (U.K.)


  • Price: $612/€395

  • Delivery Format: PDF Format (Single User License) - Up to 24 hours Delivery

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